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Borzna Borzna region

Founded at: 1923 y.
Square: 160.0 thous. hec.
Population: 36,7 thous. people
Center: Borzna
 

      Borzna region was founded in 1923. Its area makes up 5% of the oblast territory.  The region is situated almost at the center of the oblast and borders on Mena, Sosnytsa, Korop, Bakhmach, Ichnya, Nizhyn and Kulykivka regions.

  There are 63 built-up areas in the region, which are subordinated by the town council and by the 26 village councils.

      The landscape of the territory is mainly plain, the northern part is somewhat waterlogged, with woods (pine-trees, alder-trees, oaks, aspen-trees), small rivers and lakes. The biggest river is Desna with Seym and Borzenka inflows.

      The soil is mainly chernozem, meadow-chernozem, ash-laden and sod-ash-laden. The region is located on the south border of the mixed forest zone. Among minerals there are peat, industrial supply of clay and sand.

      The region is intersected by the international highway Moscow-Kiev; the railways are going in two directions, the biggest stations for freight transport and passenger traffic are Doch, Plysky and Kruty.

      Borzna is the city, the center of Borzna region. It was founded in the 16th century and it is located on the river Borzenzi.

      The town is inhabited by 11, 7 thousand people (statistics of 2001)
In 1634 Borzna received the Magdeburg right.

      During the war led by Bogdan Khmelnitskiy the regiment was formed in Borzna. The head of this regiment was Martyn Nebaba.

      Since 1748 the town is the centre of Borznyanska sotnia of Chernihiv regiment, and since 1650 – of the Nizhyn regiment. From 1654 till 1780 the head of Borznyanska sotnia were the representatives of Zabila family.

      In 1782 Borzna became the center of Borzna region. 

      At the beginning of the 19th century there were 5 stone churches in Borzna: Troizkiy cathedral (17th century), Rizdva Khrystovogo Cathedral (1788, in 1905 the cathedral was rebuilt), Mykolaivska church (1768, was finished in 1903), the Bell tower(1864), Blagovishchenska church (1717) and Voskresenska (1857).

      In 1824 the Povit College was opened in Borzna, which was renamed as Highest primary school in 1912.

      The school of gardening and truck farming, now known as Borzna national agricultural technical school was opened in 1898. 

      The newspaper “Kolkhoznik Borzenshchyny” and “Komunistuchna Prazya” (now is known as “Visti Borznyanshchyny”) was published in October, 1931.

      The museum called “The museum-estate of the folk painter O.F. Saenka” was opened in 1996, after the reconstruction.

      In Borzna were born the following famous people: one of the leaders of the people's liberation war – Semen Paliy (40s of 17th century – 1710), publisher M.I. Antonovskiy (1759-1816), the professor of physiology D.M. Vellanskiy (1774-1847), pedagogue, public figure  H.D. Alchevska (1841-1920), kobza-player A.R. Grabin (1878-1961), The Hero of  the Soviet Union, pilot V.S. Leshchenko (1915-1978), folk painter of USSR, sculptor, the prize-winner of the T.G. Shevchenko National Prize G.N. Kalchenko (1926-1975), academician-physiologist  E.P. Votchal (1864-1937), poet A.A. Oliynyk (1864-1936), folk painter of USSR O.F. Saenko (1899-1985), graphic artist M.Z. Fradkyn (1904-1974), the hero of Ukraine, the deputy and former head of Verhovna Rada I.S. Plushch.

      Among the outstanding people of the past, who were not born in Borzna, but were living and working here are the following: P.O. Kulish (1819-1897), Byelorussian literary man F.K. Bogushevych, painter A.G. Lazarchyk, ballet-dancer O. Borysova, writer Oleksa Desnyak, general M.P. Kyrponos, astronaut V.G. Tytov, professor, the doctor of chemistry O.O. Gayle, the doctor of history P.Smiyan and literature critic V. Dyachenko. In the winter of 1847 T. Shevchenko was visiting V. Zabila and his sister N. Zabila in Borzna.

      Over the last years the noticeable steps were made for the renascence of the region, mostly in spiritual and social spheres.
During the last couple of years with the help of the deputy I.S.

       Plushch the following churches were restored: Svyato-Mykolaivskiy, Svyato-Vasylivskiy and Svyato-Rizdvyana churches.
The economy of the region is mostly represented in agriculture. On the fields of 42 restored farms are grown potatoes, grain, industrial crops and forage crops. The products are made out of cattle breeding; the poultry keeping has been restored.

      About 177 people of the region are working on their own land shares.

      The growth of production in agriculture is stimulating the development of the processing industry. The high quality grain spirit is produced at the Shabalynivskiy alcohol-factory, which is the biggest industrial factory of the region.

      - “Borznaagroinvest” produces 12 types of groats and the high quality flour.

      - “Borznaagroptakhproduct” is incarnating more than 500 thousand poultry in a season.

      - “Komarivskiy molokozavod” is the only in Ukraine that produces cheese of double fattiness and about 16 types of diary products.

      - “Fabryka pechyva Borzna” produces 14 types of cookies, which are supplied to more than 100 trading organizations in Ukraine.

      - The Sausage plant rayspozhyvspilky produces more than 15 tons of sausages per year.

      - “Borznyanskiy khlibozavod”, apart from the main products, produces 13 types of soft drinks.

      In the region area, besides the big processing factories, there are village small bakeries, which provide the local citizens with bread.

      - The private company “Krasnosylske” processes all grain products on the processing base. Also there’s an oil-maker, mill and a bakery.

      - “Kronos” produces ripper and vacuum pumps.

      - The public corporation “Kvadr” specializes in producing computer engineering.

      - Sportclub “Dinamo-Olymp” produces 80 types of sports products, rope and textile- haberdashery goods.

      - In the command of Borznyanskiy forestry there is about 17,9 thousand hectares of woods, which are located  on 6 regions of the oblast.

      - The wood-working factory produces about 50 types of products, and the annual profit from selling these produced goods makes up around 2 million 300 thousand hryvnas. 60% of the products are being exported to the other countries.

      The building companies of Borznyanska region are: “Borznyanskiy rayavtodor”, PMK-119, public corporation “Chernihivvodbud”, the department of drainage systems and raysilgospkomungosp.

      Among the educational institutions of the region are the following: National agricultural college with the total amount of students - 480, Kulish gymnasia, 39 schools, the palace of youth art and the sports school. In the shool  №3 started its work the educational institution of a new type with the program “Step after step”.

      In the regional hospital there are 516 medical staff, among them 82 doctors, who cares about the health of the region citizens. Also there are 8 region hospitals, 3 ambulance stations and 32 medical attendant – obstetrician stations. 

      Attached to the center of labor and social maintenance, there is a retirement home for old people.

      The cultural places of the region are: 28 palaces of culture, 14 clubs, 1 movie theatre, 42 public libraries, musical school, the museum of history and the folk theatre.160687407841e01bb62b87f.jpg

      At the khutor Motronivka was opened the historical complex called “Hannuna pystin”. This is the place where the famous writer, ethnographer and translator P.Kulish lived together with his wife – writer O.Bilozerska (Hanna Barvinok), and her brother – publisher V. Bilozerskiy. At the station of Kruty was opened a memorial complex devoted to the Heroes of the Kruty Battle. Also there is a monument to Taras Shevchenko, Bogdan Khmelnytskiy and M.Gorkiy.

      The natives of Borznyanskiy krai were literary man V. Zabila, O. Plushch, L. Yanovska, D. Kurovskiy and a painter V. Kostezkiy.

      The heroes of the Soviet Union from Borznyanskiy region are:  F.R. Gorbach, P.I. Illushko, I.M. Krasnosilskiy, V.G.Netreba, V.M.Pokudko, I.O. Harchenko.

      Also in the region were living and working such writers as T. Shevchenko, Marko Vovchok, Oleksa Desnyak, pedagogues and public figures such as Rysovy husband-and-wife and painter M.Ge.



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